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Physical Therapy, Electromagnetic Field


What is galvanotherapy

Galvanic current is a direct current that changes the electric charge of tissues and thus affects the activity of the blood capillaries towards the best suitable tissue perfusion. The most frequent application manner is via electrodes placed on the body with humid protective sheaths. The size and placement of plate electrodes are prescribed by the physician as well as their polarity as it substantially affects the healing result. The treatment lasts at least half an hour to bring about the required effect. Other possible applications are in the form of a full-body or partial galvanic bath.

How galvanotherapy helps

Positive cations irritate the surrounding tissues and improve their tonus, leading to enhanced blood perfusion. Such an effect is beneficial in disorders of the peripheral circulation (e.g. Raynaud´s syndrome, posttraumatic swelling). Negative anions reduce electric irritation and suppress painful or otherwise unpleasant sensations (e.g. in neuropathies). The direct current causes no muscle contraction, but you may feel tingling (later disappears) and see a reddening of the target area. These are beneficial effects.

More information about treatment including indications and contraindications

Electrotherapy is either performed by a physiotherapist or by a trained nurse. It usually lasts a few minutes (up to 20), only the direct current needs a rather long time to act – from 30 to 60 minutes. Electrotherapy may be combined with ultrasound and is most effective if taken in a series of applications. The frequency and length of applications must be prescribed by a physician as well as the precise current type, its application method, etc. Some currents are applied by means of plate electrodes placed in humid protective sheaths onto your skin and fastened with straps, while others are better used with suction-cup, pen-like or button electrodes. The vacuum effect produced by suction cups may alternate so a micro-massage of the underlying tissue improves the circulation and flow of oxygen into it.

Advisable for:

Musculoskeletal diseases, orthopaedic and accident rehabilitation, neurological diseases, vascular problems in limbs

Not advisable for:

Metallic implants – cardiostimulators, joint replacements, screws, etc. at the current pathway, infectious diseases, fever, acute inflammation, untreated or uncontrolled hypertension, epilepsy (neck to be avoided, elsewhere possible), acute thrombosis, phlebitis, leg ulcers and other skin defects, incontinence, pregnancy, unstable diabetes, psychosis, alcohol or drug abuse, severe cardiovascular disease, malignant tumours (at the site of application, elsewhere possible) and blood disorders

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