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Physiotherapy, Individual Therapies

Traction

What is traction

Traction means pulling or stretching. It is a passive procedure that uses a mechanical force to induce the stretching of the soft tissues (muscles, ligaments, sinews, joint capsules). In dry traction, the physiotherapist can position the client (by hand, belts or sand bags) specifically to target and/or isolate the joint or part of the body that needs attention. Mechanical traction is carried out using a bed on which the angle can be adjusted, and weights fastened by the hips or ankles exploit the effects of gravity. In some places, the treatment is carried out on electronic traction beds. Generally, the procedure lasts 20 minutes. The doctor specifies the type, intensity and location of the traction.


How traction helps

Traction is generally used to relieve back pain in the area of the upper or lower spine. It is a traditional therapy in the case of acute disc herniation. Thanks to pulling the vertebrae apart, the space between them is enlarged allowing the prolapsed disc to regain its physiological position in the centre. So the pressure on adjacent nerves is reduced and the pain may subside. Hip traction can also relieve the pain in arthrosis of the hips.


Medical prescription: required

More information about treatment including indications and contraindications

Traction alone cannot eliminate the cause of back pain. It is necessary to combine it with other physical therapy, extending exercises or even pain-killers. This is up to your physician to decide.

Advisable for:

Acute neck or lower back disc herniation, grade II arthrosis of the hip

Not advisable for:

Acute inflammation of the nerve roots, unstable spine, previous spine operations, any joint implants in knees or hips or screws in the backbone and legs, inflammatory contractions of the joints of the hip and knee; severe varicose veins in the legs, leg ulcers, ischemic heart disease, angina pectoris, hypertension of grade II-III, hypotension, hyperthyreosis (avoid neck, elsewhere possible), bronchial asthma, severe lung emphysema, any tumour, TBC, incapacitation, infectious diseases, fever, acute inflammation, epilepsy (avoid neck, elsewhere possible), dizziness, migraine, acute thrombosis, incontinence, pregnancy, psychosis, alcohol or drug abuse

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